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Portugal and growth: the economic situation in Southern Europe

In the European economic landscape, Portugal is emerging as a key player, attracting attention with its recent advances in growth. A recent study by the consulting firm Capital Economics for the Financial Times has revealed a fascinating fact: the southern countries of the European Union, including Portugal, have surpassed Germany in terms of development for the year 2023. This unexpected observation sheds new light on the region's economic dynamics, raising vital questions about the future of these nations often regarded as the EU's weakest links.

Portugal and growth prospects: a look at the economy in Southern Europe

However, renowned economist Don Diego De La Vega tempers this nascent enthusiasm by highlighting several key points. Firstly, he warns against over-optimistic interpretation of these figures, stressing the need to step back and consider longer-term indicators. Indeed, despite these recent performances, the economies of these countries continue to face profound structural challenges, notably in terms of productivity and debt levels.

A crucial element to consider is the quality of the development observed. Don Diego points out that this is often based on temporary or unsustainable factors, such as budget support measures or over-reliance on the tourism sector. Such superficial growth cannot form a solid basis for a sustainable, self-sustaining economic recovery.

As for the impact of these results on the economic health of the euro zoneThe analysis is unequivocal: growth in the region remains sluggish and largely dependent on external factors. This situation highlights the structural weaknesses of the European economy, and raises questions about its ability to boost productivity and generate autonomous development.

As far as future prospects are concerned, Don Diego predicts an inevitable economic slowdown for these countries. Rising interest rates and other external factors are already beginning to take their toll, and it is unlikely that these economies will be able to maintain their current level of development over the long term. Structural reforms and a proactive monetary policy are needed to boost growth and stimulate productivity.

In conclusion, while the recent economic performances of Spain, Italy, Greece and Portugal give cause for optimism, it is important not to lose sight of the structural challenges facing these countries. A proactive approach and ambitious reforms will be needed to ensure sustainable and balanced economic growth in the region.


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