RETIREMENT ABROAD, CHOOSING THE RIGHT COUNTRY OF EXILE
It is possible to receive your retirement pension even if you no longer live in France. However, it is important to choose the country of exile carefully in order to avoid double taxation.
Living in retirement abroad
The French are increasingly attracted by the prospect of living abroad when they reach the age of retirement. PortugalSpain and Morocco are among the most popular destinations for seniors looking for a better quality of life. Nearly 1.3 million retirees have settled elsewhere in Europe and around the world.
Living from your retirement pension in another country is undoubtedly a real advantage. However, it is important to make sure that the latter has passed a tax treaty with France. Indeed, for the financial aspect to be really attractive. It is imperative to avoid a double taxation.
Many tax advantages are granted by the host countries to French expatriates. This advantageous taxation is however not interesting in the absence of a tax treaty with France. Indeed, this convention allows to avoid a double taxation. In France, as of January 2019. The retirement pensions will be taxed in three brackets of 0%, 12% and 20%. To this taxation could be added the percentage deducted by the tax authorities of the future country of residence in the absence of a treaty.
It is important to note that the retirement pension of a French person domiciled abroad. Is exempt from social security contributions such as CSG and CRDS. The taxpayer must, however, pay contributions for health, maternity, disability and death insurance.
The tax treaty determines the tax regime applied to the income of retirees living abroad. The presence of this tax can make some countries a tax haven for French people looking for a new environment. It defines where and how retirement pensions are taxed. Taxpayers can thus benefit from the tax system of their countries of exile. If this is the content of the treaty signed with France. Moreover, taxation differs according to the organization that pays the alimony (social security, private organization or public institution). In Portugal, for example, a 10-year exemption is granted for the pensions of private sector pensioners if they are non-habitual residents and reside in the country for more than 183 days per year.
No tax treaty
In addition, if a treaty exists between France and a foreign country, the provisions defined in the treaty are, in principle, more important than the provisions of French domestic law. Thus, if an expatriate retiree benefits from the tax system of his or her country of residence, his or her tax domicile is no longer in France.
In short, once the decision is made to leave France for a peaceful retirement abroad, it is essential to inform the pension fund that has proceeded to the liquidation of the pension. The Caisse nationale d'assurance vieillesse (CNAV) must also be notified.